About Us

Livets Resa Limited is a registered tour company operating tourism business in Arusha Tanzania. Owned by a Tanzanian family working with Swedish Missionaries.The words Livets Resa originated from Swedish words “Life Travel” in English.We are a well-recognized tour company in serving the communities and member of Tanzania Association of Tour Operators. Here is our TATO Membership link: http://tatotz.org/portfolio/livets-resa-limited/

We organize and arrange wide range of tours, Safaris, budget camping safaris, Lodge & luxury safaris, student studies in all Tanzania National park, disable safaris motorbike safaris, bicycle safaris, volunteers excursions, walking safaris, Beach holidays, Mt Kilimanjaro and Mt. Meru climb, Cultural tourism, Eco tourism, Hotel bookings Zanzibar and Pangani excursions, car hire and shuttle services, transfers from all East African airports. We also do safaris in East African National Parks.

We have special programs for volunteering and community development projects in schools, colleges, hospitals and universities.Opportunities are available from 2 weeks – 3 years, open for all professionals such a medical doctors, engineers, technicians,teachers, nurses etc.Our well trained and experienced Mt. guide and safari guides at different locations around the country have a comprehensive knowledge of local conditions of Fauna and Flora. With a combined experience of 30 years travel in Tanzania and East Africa. We will guide you to an unforgettable holiday come and discover the Wonders of creations on Earth.We know well Tanzania & East Africa in general and we are experts in Safaris and mountain climbing. Book with Livets Resa and see the differences.

We invite you with warmly welcome to do safari with our tour company.

Karibu sana Tanzania & Zanzibar

Why Us

We know there’s lots of choice out there, but we hope our enthusiasm, unrivalled knowledge and efficient service will win you over – below is a little about us.We are a registered safari company established i by experienced safari specialists, and are able to book flights and tailor make exclusive safari itineraries for clients from every corner of the world – we accept USD, GBP, EUROS and ZAR.

EFFICIENT LIGHTENING QUICK PERSONAL SERVICE: Our founder has taken the company forward with an old fashioned ethos, each and every one of our clients has a dedicated travel professional who they can call on any time any day and expect a response almost immediately.

OUR PRO GUIDES: Our safaris are guided by some of Africa’s best pro guides. These guides give you another level of knowledge, fun and enjoyment when on safari, as well as allowing you access to some of the best areas and contacts in the business.

THE BEST CONTACTS IN THE BUSINESS: our MD has been in the business for years and has built up a fantastic network of contacts who are always willing to pull in favours for her. He is able to get her clients into the best camps, in the most remote and exclusive areas with the best guides. She always includes little extras and experiences which others don’t even know exist.

THE BEST FOR LESS: We are well connected with the players in the accommodation industry and are able to get you good rates. The rate tour operators get at the camps and lodges is much less than the public rate one receives when booking direct, which means it’s always more cost effective to book with an operator like us.

TATO Members: We are active Members of the Tanzania Association of Tour Operators http://tatotz.org/portfolio/livets-resa-limited/ , so you can rest assured your money is safe when you book your holiday.

COMMITTED TO RESPONSIBLE TOURISM: We support numerous conservation and community initiatives, we also handpick our luxury safari properties for the amount they put in to their own community and the wildlife surrounding it. Livets Resa Limitied contributes heavily to the survival of Africa’s wildlife and its people through fees which are donated and included in your safari cost.

In short, booking your holiday with Livets Resa Limitied is fun, easy and always ends with a life changing magical experience in Tazania & Africa itself. GET IN TOUCH NOW.

About Tanzania

Tanzania is the cradle of mankind for it was here, in the Olduvai Gorge, that Dr. L. Leakey discovered the fossilized remains of Homo habilis, or handy man calculated to be 1.75 million years old and the fore-runner of modern man. In fact Tanzania itself is a veritable mosaic of ethnic and historical diversity.

For thousands of years the vast interior saw the endless movement of nomadic tribes migrating from north to South with changing seasons. Over on the coast, the cities and Islands made up the wealthy trading centers of Indian Oceans. Arab merchants visit the coast some 200 years ago and settled in Zanzibar and the eighth century AD later, establishing trade routes into the interior.

The interior marriage of Arabs and local people created a new people with their own language KISWAHILI (SWAHILI) whose word for a journey – SAFARI has become the international description of a trip into the wild. Tanzania being largest country in Eastern Africa has 120 ethnic groups (tribes) but they speak one language KISWAHILI being a National language.

Tanganyika as the mainland was then known, achieved independence in 1961. Zanzibar two years later and shortly afterward joined with the mainland to become the United Republic of Tanzania.

GEOGRAPHY

Tanzania covers 937062 sq. Km. making in largest country in Eastern Africa. Just south of Equator, it borders Kenya and Uganda in the north, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Burundi in the west, Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique in the south. Thought the interior runs the Great Rift Valley, that vast fault line down the spine of Africa that, in Tanzania has created many fascinating topographical features such as the Ngorongoro crater and Lake Tanganyika. Out 30% are devoted to ultimate reserves and National Parks.

TIPPING

Not normally obligatory but a tip for exceptional service maximum of 10% of total amount will be appreciated or 10 – 15$ per day. Recommended by Tanzania Tourist Board.

Climate

The climate of Tanzania varies from place to place Tanzania has South of Equator, the climate is warm and humid in coastal areas but regulated by sea breezes- Temperatures ranges between 240 – 280C from October to March is the hottest period, and from June to September coolest, the range of temperature is always limited, between 25 – 300C on the coast and between 25 – 270C in the highlands. The rainy season is from October to Mid of November shortly rains and as from mid-March to the end of June long rains.

FACTS

  • Population: Mainland – 54,000,000 people
  • Zanzibar – 1, 500,000 people
  • The annual population growth rate is 2.9 percent in the mainland .
  • 3.1 percent Dar-es-Salaam being the commercial city, the main habour and major trading centre population 2.5 million people.

People:

Tanzanians are a warm, friendly hospitable people. The population is mostly Bantu, the largest being the Sukuma & Nyamwezi, there are more than 120 recognized tribes whose diverse Bantu Nilotic and Hominic vernacular languages, traditions and customs have great culture appeal.

Language:

Kiswahili and English are the official Languages.

Religion:

Most of the people in Tanzania are either Christians or Muslims with minority as Hindus Religious harmony is a key element of Tanzanians culture and harmonious living

Coming to Tanzania

By Air, by sea, and by road:

Tanzania has three International airports: Dar es Salaam International Airport (DIA), Kilimanjaro Airport (KIA) and Zanzibar International Airport (ZIA) Main International airlines provide direct flight to Dar es Salaam, Kilimanjaro and cities and local regions are wide available, by local airlines up country can be reached by road and sea. Ferries and speeds boats operate regularly between Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar.Tarmac roads connects Tanzania to Zambia from DSM, Malawi, and the road north gets you the northern tourist circuit Moshi and Arusha up to Nairobi Kenya. In expensive public and shuttle buses connecting most towns are available every day and reliable.

By Rail:

There are passenger train services on Tanzania Zambia Railway (TAZARA) from Dar es Salaam to Zambia, along the central line (TRC) linking Dar es Salaam with Kigoma on Lake Tanganyika and on the rail link to Mwanza on Lake Victoria.

ABOUT ZANZIBAR:

Zanzibar history dates back to the 1st Century. Early visitors to the archipelago come from as far as China, the Far East, the Indian sub-continent, Persia and North Africa. It was the Portuguese and British who open Zanzibar to the Rest of the World, lured to Zanzibar by the prospect trading staves, gold ivory and spices.

WHAT TO SEE: STONE TOWN:

Stone town was declared world Heritage site in 2000 by UNESCO as an outstanding material manifestation of cultural fusion and harmonization. In stone also known as Unguja Town or Zanzibar town you can see some of the attractions by either on your own or guided Tour some of the attractions are as follow:
The name Stone Town was given because the buildings were built from stones by the Arabs in contrast to the former local housed built of palms and mud. In fact most of the houses were small palaces and most of the structures were built from stone in mid-19th and early 20th century.

1. The stone Town Cultural Center ( old Dispensary)
2. Darajani Market
3. Great slave Market (Anglican Cathedral Courtyard)
4. Living stone House
5. National Museum
6. The palace museum
7. The House of wonders
8. The Arab Fort
9. The Dhow Harbour
BEACHES

Zanzibar beaches are equally magnificent, the perfect place to relax after exploring stone town. Diving and snorkeling enthusiasts will choose from main areas, Mnemba considered to be the best. Whether you prefer peaceful isolation or proximity to colorful fishing villages, relax at the shores of the India Ocean at Zanzibar’s many breath-taking beaches. Zanzibar’s underwater temperature id bound to be super tropical. Situated on the western Indian Ocean rim, offers a unique experience for the sun worshipper and the snorkeler, the resulting clear and blue water blended with endless beaches, give one an impression of a paradise lying in wait for the discover. Zanzibar offers itself as a remote warm water Indian Ocean Island that is uncrowned, serene dazzling, mysterious and intimate.

PEMBA

Possesses an unequaled treat for the sea lover Ocean floor goes as deep as 800 metres. The word famous Pemba channel gives the ocean around this Island many stunning dive sites. Ten to 40 metre drop-offs are common. It is good for diving because of its exceptionally deep clear water with big pelagic fish. About half it, 74 kilometer length reefs plus small mainly uninhabited islands, giving one the chance of feeling as great as Adam before arrival of Eve.For beach lovers, Pemba has 13 recorded sports. They are small for an Island. But it is all because of the presence of dense mangrove forests and corals.

SPICE TOUR

Can be organized and guided to various plantations just outside of Town to see and sample the wide range of spices grown in the Island, your tour will give you an in-depth lesson on spices such as cloves, nutmeg, cardamom, black pepper, ginger and cinnamon, including their uses in cooking cosmetics and traditional medicine.It was these spices that first enticed the sultan of Oman and the Launched the beginnings of slave trade.

DOLPHIN TOUR

Swim with dolphins in depths of the Indian Ocean in Kizimkazi fishing village situated on the southern point of the Island.

PRISON ISLAND

Formerly a treatment of lepers Prison Island boasts a coral reef ideal for snorkeling. It is also home to a family of giant tortoise.

JOZANI FOREST

The Jozani Natural Forest reserve is located about 35 kilometres southern of stone town. It is home of the Red colobus monkey, which is endemic to Zanzibar, as well as Sykes monkeys small buck and bush pig and variety of birds.

Zanzibar Beach Holiday

Zanzibar Island, also called Spice Island or Sultan Island, is a paradise where over 30 shinny beaches with white sand and deep blue water waits for us. And cities like Stone Town that takes us to be part of an old adventure movie.Zanzibar is an archipelago located on the east African coast, belongs to Tanzania and has numerous islands. The biggest ones are Unguja, also known as Zanzibar and Pemba.Besides these two main islands, there are several islands and islets forming the archipelago with an extraordinary beauty, like Mafia Island.Unguja is located on the Indic Ocean around 40 Km. to the east of Bagamoyo, continental Tanzania. The hilly island is around 85 Km. long and between 20 and 30 km. wide.Most of the population works on agriculture over the fertile regions on the northern and western areas of the island.The eastern area of the island is arid and covered by coral reefs, with paradise beaches of white sands surrounded of reefs, is an ideal place for scuba divers and snorkel lovers.Is a must to go around the little villages of this island, where you will find a perfect mixture of African, and Asian Tribal cultures; its paradise beaches are full of palm, coconut, banana, and mango trees as pepper and cloves plantations.This island is also characterized by the magic and history of its capital, Stone Town, known as the cultural heart of Zanzibar it has not really changed over the last 200 years.

In 2000 was declared World Heritage by the UNESCO for being one of the most important keepers of the Swahili culture.Walking around Stone Town is a fascinating experience, where it’s winding alleys, crowded bazaars, mosques and Arab style houses, brings us to the old explorer’s days and sultans. And embrace us with the exotic spices aroma.We will be able to feel the delight of its little markets full of curious items, local fresh fish and vegetable stalls, coral houses, mud huts, old British clubs like the House of Africa, great place for having a cocktail despite its age. Wood carvings houses like the City Hall, the old Portuguese fort built in 1700, the House of Wonders, spectacular building of four stories and huge verandas build by the Sultan Barghash at the end of the XIX century as well as the Natural History Museum.

Its exceptional architecture, its coral stone houses and its narrow streets fill you with the variety culture and tradition influences brought by the diversity of their inhabitants. Each of its buildings, the windows, the wood carved doors, the walls, talks about a unique an own historic past.It also pays a visit the Jamitive Gardens with a splendid open restaurant with improvised music shows. The Jozani Reserve, where we will find the monkeys discovered by Sir John Kirk. The remains of the Kidichi and Kizimbani Baths and the Royal Palaces of Marhubi and Mwinyi Mikuu.

Mafia Isand Beach Holiday

Mafia Island, is located just 25 Km. away of the Tanzanian coast and 160 Km. south of Zanzibar in the Indic Ocean, is as unknown as fascinating.Since 1995 the Island was declared National Marine Park, and is the mayor protected area of Eastern Africa.Has an area over 800 square kilometers, between the southern coasts and Chole Bay. Among its beautiful reefs we can find over 400 fish species besides a great coral variety.Wonderful scenery for scuba divers.The sea that surrounds Mafia Island hold an exceptional mosaic of tropical marine habitat, including the coral reefs, mangles, lagoons and coastal forests.Besides, Mafia is the nesting place for the Green and Carey Turtles. Sharks, Barracudas, Grouper, Marlin, Swordfish, Manta Rays, Moray Eels and Triggerfish are commonly found around the island.No doubt, this island is a real show for its rich sea life.Mafia Island is the richest and closest to Zanzibar. The name comes from Arabic and means “Protection”.

This island used to be the place where slaves captured in the area use to joint and locked up. Numbers say that around forty thousand men and women were cough and sold every year over the degrading slave market. This situation lasted until 1873, when the slavery abolition treat was signed by Lloyd Matthews.This island among Chole, Jibondo and Juani, are part of an archipelago and had become a solitary and peaceful place. Their beaches are pure paradises and the clear waters hold colorful fishes swimming around a beautiful coral reef.
Besides sea activities, in Mafia we can find the remains of a XV century mosque, a deposit of the XIII century and remains of a German colony. Kilindoni, the capital is a very small and colorful picturesque place.

Pemba Island Beach Holiday

Pemba Island is located around 80 Km. from Zanzibar (Unguja) Island, in front of Tanga on continental Tanzania. Pemba is smaller than Unguja, but is hillier and has lush vegetation, as well called “The Evergreen Island”.This island is famous by its spectacular tides, for its rich variety of sea life that surrounds the paradise turquoise waters giving us an unforgettable picture.Pemba is covered of hills full of palm trees, cloves, rice fields and lush natural forests as the Ngezi Forrest in the north.There are several beautiful virgin beaches over the coast, and the northern coast of the island is one of the most beautiful places of the world for scuba divers.Until today holds little tourism, as most of the beaches are hardly reachable, and the lack of infrastructure makes this island a virgin and wild environment.

Climbing & Hiking

Tanzania’s numerous parks and reserves offer many climbing options for the avid explorer.The most frequent expeditions are obviously to Mt. Kilimanjaro and Mt. Meru, but there are also other destinations such as the Crater Highlands. WE will happily put together an itinerary that suits your preferences and our “things to bring” section will help to make sure that you are adequately prepared. It is advisable, especially when climbing at higher altitudes, to take things slowly and allow your body to acclimatize.Mountaineering is sport, hobby or profession of walking, hiking, backpacking and climbing mountains.Tanzania Mountains vary in height, location, climate etc. Kilimanjaro which is the highest mountain in Africa have attracted many climbers from around the globe. Mount Meru (4566m.) and Ol Donyo Lengai (active volcano) are also popular. Other mountains in Tanzania are Mt. Hanang (3417m.), Longido (2629m.), Usambara Mountains, Mt. Lemagrut, Mt. Lolmalasin, Mt Oldean, Uluguru Mountains, etc.

Every mountain is unique from each other, and this makes it important to be well informed before deciding which one to climb. In Tanzania, most climbers opt for Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru. Meru is Africa’s fifth highest peak with fabulous views of Mt. Kilimanjaro and the Momela Lakes from the summit. The challenging ascent to the crater of Ol Donyo Lengai passes through some fantastic scenery with panoramic views of the Rift Valley. The trek to the top of Lengai is very steep and a true challenge which is attempted only by hikers with good level of fitness.

Preparation

How Do I Prepare to Climb Mountain Kilimanjaro?

Medical check-up:

Before starting a physical training program, it’s always wise to get the approval of a doctor (especially if you are over 45 years). Have your doctor know your plan to climb the highest free standing mountain in the World at an altitude of 5,895 m and will advise your health status.

Exercising:

Kilimanjaro is a stroll, so the best preparation you can have is to walk, preferably under simulated conditions. Although to some extent it will help you to jogging your muscles. We advise you to have a regularly walk long distances.

Mental preparation:

Everybody is able to reach the summit of the Kilimanjaro but what you supposed to have a positive mind that you are going to make it. Avoid panic, fear, loose, hope and take it as a swimming tour and keep focus to conquer the summit.

Gear list preparation:

You supposed to bring personal gear and equipment while communal equipment such as (tents, food, cooking items, etc.) are provided.

Below is a gear list of required, recommended and optional items to bring on your Kilimanjaro climb.

Technical Clothing
– 1 – Waterproof Jacket, breathable with hood
– 1 – Insulated Jacket, synthetic or down
– 1 – Soft Jacket, fleece or soft-shell
– 2 – Long Sleeve Shirt, light-weight, moisture-wicking fabric
– 1 – Short Sleeve Shirt, light-weight, moisture-wicking fabric
– 1 – Waterproof Pants, breathable (side-zipper recommended)
– 2 – Hiking Pants (convertible to shorts recommended)
– 1 – Fleece Pants
– 1 – Shorts (optional)
– 1 – Long Underwear (moisture-wicking fabric recommended)
– 3 – Underwear, briefs (moisture-wicking fabric recommended)
– 2 – Sport Bra (women)
Footwear
– 1 – Hiking Boots, warm, waterproof, broken-in, with spare laces
– 1 – Gym Shoes, to wear at camp (optional)
– 3 – Socks, thick, wool or synthetic
– 3 – Sock Liners, tight, thin, synthetic, worn under socks to prevent blisters (optional)
– 1 – Gaiters, waterproof (optional)
Equipment
– 1 – Sleeping Bag, warm, four seasons
– 1 – Sleeping Bag Liner, for added warmth (optional)
– 1 – Sleeping Pad, self-inflating or closed-cell foam
– 1 – Trekking Poles (highly recommended)
– 1 – Head lamp, with extra batteries
– 1 – Duffel bag, for porters to carry your equipment
– 1 – Daypack, for you to carry your personal gear.
Paperwork
– Trip Receipt
– Passport
– Visa (available at JRO)
– Immunization Papers
– Insurance Documents
Headwear
– 1 – Brimmed Hat, for sun protection
– 1 – Knit Hat, for warmth
– 1 – Balaclava, for face coverage (optional)
– 1 – Bandana (optional)
Hand wear
– 1 – Gloves, warm (waterproof recommended)
– 1 – Glove Liners, thin, synthetic, worn under gloves for added warmth (optional)
Accessories
– 1 – Sunglasses or Goggles
– 1 – Backpack Cover, waterproof (optional)
– 1 – Poncho, during rainy season (optional)
– 1 – Water Bottle (Nalgene, 32 oz. recommended)
– 1 – Water Bladder, Camelback type (optional)
– 1 – Towel, lightweight, quick-dry (optional)
– 1 – Pee Bottle, to avoid leaving tent at night (highly recommended)
– Stuff Sacks or Plastic Bags, various sizes, to keep gear dry and separate
Other
– Toiletries
– Prescriptions
– Sunscreen
– Lip Balm
– Insect Repellent, containing DEET
– First Aid Kit
– Hand Sanitizer
– Toilet Paper
– Wet Wipes (recommended)
– Snacks, light-weight, high calorie, high energy (optional)
– Pencil and Notebook, miniature, for trip log (optional)
– Camera, with extra batteries (optional)

The Northern Zone Parks of Tanzania

Arusha National Park

This little park is situated on the eastern foothills of Mount Meru, Tanzania’s Second highest Mountain and the fourth highest in Africa. The park is only a one hour drive away from the town of Arusha.

There are two craters within the park- The Meru crater with an ash-cone over 8000 feet above sea level, and the smaller Ngurdoto Crater Some 4000 feet lower down the slopes. There are no large numbers of mammals in this park but there are several species found here, that are not found in many of the other parks in the country, such as black and white colobus monkeys and the red duiker. There are also many bushbuck, giraffe, Waterbuck, and a few hippos, wart hogs, dikdik and wild pigs.

Other distinct areas in the park are the Mommela lakes, which are alkaline to varying degrees and mount Meru itself, which attracts many climbers each. There are superb views of both Mount Kilimanjaro and of mount Meru, whose slopes are forested and contain many streams and waterfalls. One can hike in this forest, accompanied by a park Ranger.

Lake Manyara National Park.This is also one of the smaller parks in Tanzania and about 70% of the park consist of a portion of Lake Manyara lying in the eastern branch of the rift valley.The park is well known for its high density of Elephants, tree climbing lions and masses of waterfowl, including both lesser and greater flamingo, the pink backed and white pelicans.

There are many hippos in the channel of the Mto wa Mbu River as it enters this very shallow soda lake.

Ngorongoro Conservation Area

Ngorongoro Conservation is locate on the North east part of Tanzania, the beauty and size Ngorongoro Crater( it is in fact a caldera) found in this Park cannot be described appropriately by using words, it is only by visiting this park that one can discover why it should be the eighth wonder of the world. However the Crater Occupies only about 3% of the area of this Conservation Area, but is a very important are in the world that it has been declared a world heritage site. Another interesting fact about this park is the fact that it is the world’s largest unbroken caldera.

The crater has the only accessible population of black rhino in their natural habitat in East Africa, it also has the largest carnivores concentration than anywhere else in the world with about a hundred lions, very many spotted hyena, many silver backed and golden jackal, a few very nocturnal side stripped jackal, serval and genet cat, leopard and cheetah.

However interestingly enough some animals such as giraffe and impala have never been seen in the crater, the only logical explanation seems to be the steepness of the slopes and lack of their suitable diet in the crater, but they can be found in abundance in areas around the crater.

Other animals found in this area include: Buffaloes( the Most common animals) , Elephants, Waterbuck, Bushbucks, Duiker, Bushpigs, wart hogs, African Hunting dogs, Giant forest hog, blue monkeys, eland, hartebeest, hyena.Also there about a hundred species of birds not found in the Serengeti that have been spotted her. Ngorongoro can be visited in any time of the year though it is usually muddy in months of April and May.

Olduvai Gorge

Olduvai Gorge is located within the Ngorongoro Conservation area, it about 180 km away from the beautiful town of Arusha. Dr. Louis Leakey discovered the remains of the “handy many” or Homo habilis regarded as the First step to mankind’s evolution to modern man.
This Gorge is hence regarded as the “Cradle of mankind” There are also a number of other fossils discovered here including pre-historic remains of Giant horned sheep, Elephants and enormous Ostriches. There are Guides who operate lecture tours of this historical site.

Tarangire National Park

Tarangire National Park is also locates in the north east part of Tanzania. It derives its name from the Tarangire River which crisscrosses along the Park, supplying it with it’s bloodline. It is the Fourth largest national park in Tanzania behind Serengeti, Ruaha and Mikumi in size, Animal Concentration Here a rivals the Serengeti.

The Animal Species found here include; Wildebeest, Zebra, Thompson’s gazelle, Grant’s Gazelle, Oryx, Hartebeest, Buffalo, Elephant, Giraffe, Eland, Impala, lesser Kudu,warthog,Gerenuk,Greater Kudu,Reedbuck,Baboons,Kongoni,kilpspringer Impala,Hyrax,Vervet monkey, Bat-eared Fox, Hyena, lion, Leopard.Bird Species found in this Park include; Crowned Crane, Egyptian Goose, Hamerkop, Jacana, purple gallinule, saddle-bill stork and long toed lapwing.The Peak viewing season for this park is during the dry season.

Mount Kilimanjaro

Tanzania’s own Mount Kilimanjaro is not only the highest mountain in Africa and the highest free standing mountain in the world but also it lies at the crossroads of many Tanzania’s greatest attractions, Kilimanjaro is more or less half way between the world’s famous Serengeti and the Coast.

Mount Kilimanjaro is the crown of Tanzania, the envy of some of its neighboring countries who wish in were it their country.It rises abruptly from the open plains with temperatures of about 26ºC to its snow-capped peak of temperatures of below 0ºC, at about 19,344 feet above sea level. It is also renowned as the highest walkable summit in the world, incredibly the diameter of its base is about 40 miles
Kilimanjaro is a dormant but not an extinct volcano, amazingly though it is just a whisker of degrees away south of the equator, both its two peaks namely – Kibo and Mawenzi have permanent caps of snow and ice and are mostly covered with clouds. During their climb climbers pass from a tropical to a arctic environment in just a few days.

The highest point on Kibo and indeed the whole of Africa is Uhuru peak, which provides spectacular hanging glaciers and amazing views of African Plains, 2000 feet below. The other peak; Mawenzi a rugged mountain and is for specialized mountaineers only!
Kilimanjaro can be climbed in any time of the year but the best time is from August to October and January to march.

Serengeti National Park: “The endless plains”

The name Serengeti comes from the maasai word siringet; referring to an “endless plain”;. As you stand on the southern grass plains, you experience this vastness, and can witness one of the greatest concentration of plains and animals left on earth.

Brief Notes On The Serengeti

• The plains were formed 3-4 million years ago when ash blown from the
volcanoes in the Ngorongoro highlands covered the rolling highlands.
• It was declared a game reserve in 1929.
• It was first inhabited by ancient hunters and gatherers and more recently
Pastoralists.
• In the beginning Ngorongoro crater was part of the Serengeti.
Each year the park generates more revenue than it spends.

It’s Geophysical Features:-

The western Corridor
Grumeti:

Stretching almost to the shores of Lake Victoria, the reach of the Western corridor is important in preserving ancient migratory routes. In a typical year, the migration arrives between June and July, having left the dry plains in the south. Here the migrants mix with many resident herbivores, including topi, giraffe and buffalo. There is also a resident population of wildebeest.

Kopjes:

The Serengeti woodland would not be the same without its beautiful rock outcrops known as Kopjes (pronounced as “copy” from the Dutch meaning “little head”) .Technically known as inselbergs, the intriguing rounded shapes of these ancient granite rocks are the results of cracking and erosion from exposure to sun and wind and rain.

They provide shelter and capture water for a wealth of wildlife and plants. In fact, without such environs, Lions and other large animals would be unable to survive the dry season on the plains.

Northern Woodland

Lobo

Wildebeest move through the Northern woodlands in most years during June-December to feed on the longer grass lands that persist on this area. Their range during this time extends north into Maasai Mara. There is a diversity of resident wildlife. There are wilderness campsites, a lodge an airstrip, permanent tented camp, and extensive game viewing tracks.

The Southern Grass plains

These are the most productive and nutritious grass plains for in the world .In Feb/march one of the most amazing spectacles occurs; For 3-4 weeks, 90% of the female wildebeest give birth, flooding the plains with thousands of newborn calves each day, they share these productive grasslands with Migratory Zebra, Thompson’s gazelle and eland as well as the residents mainly Grant’s gazelle, topi and hartebeest. The Serengeti national Park provides wilderness campsites on the edge of Lake Lagarja (also called Ndutu) Payments to the Serengeti national Park for access to this Area, must be made at Naabi Hill Gate.

Seronera

The Seronera Valley is an important transition zone between the Southern plains and the Northern Woodland, it provides a rich mosaic of habitats crisscrossed by rivers, the most prominent of which is the Seronera River from which the area takes its name. It is possible to see many of Serengeti’s resident wildlife including:-Giraffe,buffalo,topi,hartebeest,waterbuck,impala,reedbuck,bushbuck,dikdik,hippopotamus,crocodile,warthog and diverse birdlife. Large prides of lion reside here as well as clans of spotted hyena. The more elusive leopard is also common here but less easy to spot. The river tracks offer the best chance to see a leopard, which will usually rest in the branches of acacia or sausage trees. Cheetah can also be seen here as well as several and Caracal.

The Southern Zone Of Tanzania

This Zone Includes the Following parks and Game Reserves:-

RUAHA NATIONAL PARK

Ruaha National Park, this is Tanzania’s second largest National park, situated west of the town of Iringa. The impression gained by most Ruaha is of the world existing almost untouched natural areas.It is indeed one of Tanzania’s famous wilderness areas. The word Ruaha (luvaha in hehe) comes from the ‘Hehe’ tribe’s (who traditionally lived on the area) meaning “river brook or stream”…the river Ruaha crisscrosses along this park.Ruaha’s Geography straddles the escarpment of the rift valley with some areas of flat grasslands, though on whole it is made of woodlands with hills, interspersed with baobab trees below.

The Major attractions of Ruaha are the magnificent species rarely found or not found at all in the northern zone parks, like sable and roan antelope, greater and lesser Kudu, Cape hunting dog, crocodile and lichenstein’s hartebeest, it is also noted for having the largest number of elephant of any park in the country also found are many Cape buffalo, hippo and Giraffe.Among the other plentiful species are ; lion, leopard, cheetah, Zebra, Impala, Grant’s Gazelle, Waterbuck, warthog, bushbuck, reedbuck, steinsbok, klipspringer, dikdik, spotted hyena., silver backed jackal, yellow baboon, vervet monkey, rock and tree hyrax, clawless otter and Mongoose.

MIKUMI NATIONAL PARK

Mikumi national park, is the third largest park in Tanzania, it is named after the village just beyond its western border on the road to Iringa.(the village took its name from the borassus palm , once found in abundance here). The park lies in a flood plain with higher grounds on either side.Wild animals in Mikumi are found to about 50 km from the gate, also there is a great view of the Uluguru mountain ranges in the east, while in the west there is a great view of the Rubeho Mountains. There is also a guarantee of always viewing glorious sunrise and sunsets. To the south this park links with the Selous game reserve.

Animals to be found on this park include: lions usually seen in prides, also groups of Zebra’s, Buffalos,wildebeest, Warthogs, Impala, Giraffes, Zebra the burchell zebra especially, baboons especially yellow baboons, Also there are some hippos found on the areas known as hippo pools. Elephants are also found throughout the park, fine herds of eland which are usually found on the flood plains, the lichenstein’s hartebeest is also found on the plains, others include the African hunting dogs, the black backed jackals.Rare sightings include the: Greater Kudu, civets, leopards

SELOUS GAME RESERVE

The Selous game reserve is the largest protested wildlife area in Africa. A United Nations World heritage site, this magnificent, uninhabited area is larger than the whole country of Switzerland.It rivals Serengeti in wildlife concentrations, but yet Selous boosts Tanzania largest concentration of elephants as well as a large number of buffalo, hippo and wild dog.Other species commonly seen are lion, bush buck,, impala, giraffe, eland, baboon, zebra, and greater Kudu.

The Rufiji River crisscrosses along the game reserve providing it with its life blood of the Selous.
Selous game reserve gets its name from the hunter- explorer Fredrick Courtney Selous, who wrote best -selling books about his exploits.
Walking safaris, game drives and boat trips are usually organized, the best time to visit this park is during the dry season.

UDZUNGWA MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK

Udzungwa mountains National park is a recently established conservation area in Iringa and Morogoro region of south central Tanzania. it is bordered by the great Ruaha river to the north. The major attractions of the park are it bio-diversity and its unique Udzungwa forest. Many rare plants which are not found anywhere else in the world are found here.

Apart from hosting to about six primate species, including two endemic species- the Iringa red colobus monkey and the sanje crested mangabey, this plateau supports populations of; elephant, buffalo, lion, leopard and the African Hunting Dog. As well as rare species of forest birds, 3 of whom were only discovers in the mid of the last decade.The Park is only about 10 km south west from Mikumi National Park.

TANZANIA TRAVEL TIPS:-

Name: The United Republic of Tanzania
Time: Zone GMT + 3
Capital City: Dodoma
Independence gained on: 26 April 1964; Tanganyika became independent 9 December 1961
Zanzibar: became independent 19 December 1963 (from GB); Tanganyika united with Zanzibar 26 April 1964.
National Language: Swahili or Swahili (official)
Official Language: English
Currency: Tanzanian shilling (TZS)
Land Area: Tanzania covers 945,087 sq km. This includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba and Zanzibar
Drives on the: Left
Country Code: 255
Location:

Tanzania is in East Africa on the Indian Ocean. To the north are Uganda and Kenya; to the west, Burundi, Rwanda, and Congo; and to the south, Mozambique, Zambia, and Malawi.

International Flight & Domestic Flight

British Airways fly direct to Dar es Salaam, from Heathrow, three times weekly. Other carriers operate to Tanzania via Europe. KLM, from Amsterdam, to Dar es Salaam and Kilimanjaro daily and Swiss, from Zurich, to Dar es Salaam five times a week. In addition, Emirates fly to Dar es Salaam via Dubai; Egyptian Air via Cairo; Ethiopian via Addis Ababa; Oman Air via Muscat; Qatar Airways via Doha; and Turkish Airlines via Istanbul.

Domestic Flight

Domestic carriers such as Coastal Aviation, Flightlink, Tropical Air, Fastjet, Precision Air, Regional Air Services, Safari Air link, Safari Plus and ZanAir link the major cities, with tourist attractions and game parks. Air Tanzania, Coastal Aviation, Precision and ZanAir fly between the mainland and Zanzibar.

Language

English is widely spoken but a few words of Swahili can be useful and will be appreciated greatly by locals.

Money

Major foreign currencies are convertible at banks and Bureau DE Changes in the main towns and tourist areas. Credit cards, particularly visa, are accepted at most up market Lodges but not at more low-key enterprises. In large towns, several banks offer ATM facilities against international credit cards. National park fees for the main northern circuit parks (Serengeti, Tarangire, Manyara, Arusha, Kilimanjaro) are payable only by Master Card, Visa Card or customized Tanapa cards sold at all branches of the EXIM Bank/CRDB Bank.

Health

Yellow fever vaccination is no longer compulsory. Malaria is endemic but is preventable. Use insect repellent, cover up at sundown, sleep under a mosquito net and take anti-malaria prophylactics as advised by your doctor. Bring prescription medicines, spare glasses, contact lenses and solution as well as sunscreen, a first aid kit, cream for bites/stings and diarrhea remedy. Drink only boiled or bottled water, bottled or canned drinks, avoid ice cubes and salads. HIV/Aids is widespread, especially in the main tourist areas. (See Mt. Kilimanjaro section for altitude sickness advice.)

Climate:

Tanzania’s climate is predominately tropical. Coastal areas are usually hot and humid, but on the beaches a sea breeze cools the air considerably. The average day temperature is 30 ‘C. Tanzania has two rainy seasons; the long rains from late March to June and the short rains from November to January. The long rains fall in heavy downpours, often accompanied by violent storms, but the short rains tend to be much less severe. The hottest time of the year is from December to March, before the long rains begin. The coolest months are June, July and August, when the weather is often overcast. In high – altitude areas such as Kilimanjaro and Ngorongoro Highlands, temperatures can fall below freezing.

Clothes

Pack lightweight, washable clothes plus a sweater for early morning game drives, as well as a sun hat, sunglasses and sunscreen. Long sleeves and trousers in light-colored fabrics help discourage insect bites. You can buy clothes all major cities. Shorts for women are acceptable (but not too short). Women should carry a wrap to cover legs in the villages and towns are revealing clothes can cause offense, especially in Zanzibar and Muslim areas. On the beach and within the confines of beach hotels normal swimwear is acceptable (but not nudity). For climbing on Kilimanjaro or Meru, take thermal underwear, light layers, sweater, rain jacket, good socks and sturdy boots.

On Safari

Distances in Tanzania are vast, and travel by road can be tiring. Plan to spend more time in fewer parks. You’ll see more and won’t return home exhausted. Keep your distance from animals and be quiet to avoid distressing the wildlife. Follow instructions of ranger or guides. Don’t leave your vehicle in the parks except in designated places. Keep to recognized tracks to avoid damaging vegetation.
Whilst on a game drive

• Please do not interfere with animal behavior.
• No more than 5 vehicles around an animal at one time (please accept the decision of your guide to leave an animal if he feels it is becoming overcrowded).
• Please do not get too close to the animals as this may distress them.
• Please do not get out of the vehicle without consulting your guide.
• Please try to be as quiet as possible when viewing wildlife close up. Your guide will turn off the vehicle’s engine whenever possible.
• Please minimize off-road driving.
• No speeding! The speed limit in the parks is 40kph.
Protect the Environment
• Please do not litter, especially cigarette butts.
• Please do not collect bones, feathers, stones or plants etc.; they are all mini ecosystems.
• Please do not buy bones, stones, feather displays or plants etc.
Cultural Exchange
• Please do not take photographs of the local people without asking their permission first.
• Please do not encourage trade or give personal items away to the local people (if we support begging we promote begging).
• If you have brought gifts to give to the local people, please give them to your guide for proper distribution.
• Beware of anyone asking you for gifts or money and do not feel obliged to donate anything.
• Please report back to us if you are harassed.
Our Vehicle

All of our safari vehicles are supplied with 3-pin with inventor for charging batteries (UK type) 230 Volt A/C sockets, which are available to clients for the charging of mobile phones and small electrical equipment. The Company owns a fleet of 4×4 vehicles driven by trained and experienced driver cum guides. Toyota Land Cruiser 4×4 jeep with pop-up roof, freezer or cooler box, binoculars, 1.5 litter per person per day drinking water during on game drives.

Photography:

If you still use, film, bring all you need with you. For digital photography, most Lodges and Tented Camps now have facilities to charge camera batteries and the like. Protect your cameras from dust and keep equipment and film cool. It is courteous to ask permission before photographing local people.

Insurance

Take out travel insurance to cover loss of baggage or valuables, personal accident and medical expenses.

Time
3 hrs + GMT.
Electricity:

The electricity situation in Tanzania is based on English standards, meaning it is (usually) supplied at 230Volts, 50Hz. This means that all European equipment should work, from laptop power supplies to mobile phone chargers. 3 square pin plug outlets are the main source of electricity. Your appliances should therefore have plugs as per illustration. Therefore it is advisable to bring along a “multiple travel adapter”.

Immunization and Health:

It is essential that all visitors take a course of anti-malaria tablets commencing two weeks before departure. The UK Department of Health also recommends vaccination against hepatitis A, polio and typhoid. Personal insurance is advised. Travelers arriving from, or via, countries where yellow fever is endemic will need a Certificate of Vaccination although vaccination is available on arrival. Hospitals provide good medical care in cities and towns. Flying Doctors facilities are also available.

Travel with Children

Tanzanians love children and are especially helpful to mothers. However, canned baby foods, powdered milk and disposable nappies may not be available outside major towns.

Visa

Most visitors require visas with the exception of citizens of certain countries of the Commonwealth. It is advisable to obtain them in advance from Embassies and High Commissions as several airlines insist on them prior to departure. They can however also be obtained, on arrival, at all points of entry. Requirement may change so you are advised to contact the appropriate diplomatic or consular authority before finalizing your travel arrangements. Although part of the union of Tanzania, Zanzibar remains in depend so, passports/Tanzania visas are required even in a day’s visit.

Security

Tanzania is a generally safe country, but don’t invite temptation. Keep an eye on your belongings. Don’t walk in the town or cities at night-take taxi. Don’t carry cameras or large amounts of cash; beware of pickpockets. Use hotel safety deposit boxes to safeguard valuables and obtain a receipt. Leave valuable jewellery at home.

What to Wear:

It never gets really cold in Tanzania so lightweight clothing is the norm. On safari, avoid brightly colored clothes, they may, they alarm the animals. Browns, beiges and khaki are preferred. Shorts-sleeves shirts/blouses and shorts are ideal, but pack a sweater, it can be chilly in the early morning and in the evening. Wear a hat to avoid sun-stroke and don’t forget a swimsuit. Shoes should be sensible – – walking through the bush is not like strolling through Hyde Park – and for climbing Kilimanjaro or Mount Meru take thermal underwear, a rain jacket, good socks and sturdy boots. Shorts for women are acceptable – but not too short. Women should carry a wrap to cover their legs in towns or villages as revealing clothes can close offense, especially in Zanzibar and other Muslim areas. On the beach, and within the confines of beach hotels, normal swimwear is acceptable but nudity certainly is not.

Tipping

Tanzania is a country that is growing and developing rapidly by world standards and so the relative value of currency is beginning to come in line with the rest of the world gradually. With this in mind, we have put a few recommendations below as to what we tell our clients to budget. Please remember that all of our staff is paid and no one relies on tips as a substitute for wages. As with any tipping situation, if you enjoy your experience, give a generous tip, if you do not enjoy your experience, adjust the tip accordingly.

Below is a recommended guideline for tipping:
Safari Driver/Guide:
US$10 to $15 per day.
Safari Cook:
US$10 to $15 per day
Mountain Guide:
US$10 per day per guide from group
Mountain Cook:
US$10-$12 per day per cook from group
Assistant Mt. Guide:
US$8 per day per asst guide from group
Porters on Mountain:
US$15-$20 per porter for duration from group
Porters at Lodges:
US$1-2

Gratuity Box:

These are found at most lodges. We recommend these as your tip is then distributed fairly among all the staff We recommend that tipping is usually done at the end of the trip and given directly to the person it is meant for. Whilst larger denomination bills are acceptable, we recommend you also bring some smaller denomination bills as sometimes change is not easily attainable.